Glossary

 

Affiliation
The institution in the host country with which an applicant will work during the grant term.
Application Status
Initial Notifications
All applicants are notified in January as to whether they were designated as Semi-Finalists or Non-Recommended by the Fulbright National Screening Committee. Semi-Finalist applications are forwarded to the Fulbright Commission or U.S. Embassy in the host country for final review.

Final Selection Notifications
All Semi-Finalists are notified in the spring as to whether they have been selected as a Finalist, designated as an Alternate, or Non-Selected. The exact timing of the notification will vary by country.
  • Finalist: A candidate who has been offered a Fulbright U.S. Student grant, contingent upon host country approvals, medical clearance, and submission of all required grant documents.
  • Alternate: A candidate who can be promoted to Finalist status if additional funding becomes available.
  • Non-Select: A candidate who is no longer under consideration for a Fulbright Award.
At-Large Applicant
A candidate who is not currently enrolled in a U.S. undergraduate or graduate degree program and who is not applying through their alma mater will apply for a Fulbright U.S. Student grant as an At-Large applicant.
Cultural Affairs Officer
The person at a U.S. embassy responsible for monitoring and supervising educational and cultural exchange programs, assisting with placement of grantees, and providing support services to grantees in non-commission countries. In some countries the Public Affairs Section (PAS) of the U.S. em­bassy may consist of only one officer—the PAO (Public Affairs Officer)—who may be the responsible person. In others, there may be an ACAO (Assistant Cultural Affairs Officer) or APAO (Assistant Public Affairs Officer).
Dependents
Within the Fulbright U.S. Student Program, a dependent is either (1) a spouse, or (2) a relative (child, parent, sibling) who is financially dependent on the grantee. A small maintenance allowance may be provided for accompanying dependents in some countries. The balance of maintenance expenses for dependents is the responsibility of the grantee. An accompanying dependent is one spending at least 80 percent of the grant period abroad with the grantee.
FFSB or Board
J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board
The FFSB is a presidentially-appointed, 12-member independent body that formulates the policies and selection criteria governing the Fulbright Program and which has legislative responsibility for making final selections
Fulbright Commission/Foundation
A bi-national, autonomous entity established by treaty between the U.S. and the partner country to plan, administer, and supervise the Fulbright Programs between their respective countries. Find out more information and a listing of the 49 Fulbright Commissions.
Fulbright Program Adviser (FPA)
The FPA is appointed by a U.S. college or university to serve as the contact on campus responsible for publicizing Fulbright Program opportunities and for providing guidance on the application process. FPA’s will also coordinate the submission of applications to IIE and will organize the on-campus interview process.
Institute of International Education (IIE)
The private, non-profit agency under contract to the U.S. Department of State to organize publicity, receive and process applications and, through its National Screening Committee (NSC), make recommendations to the J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board for graduate study/research awards and English Teaching Assistant Programs under the Fulbright Program. IIE also administers the Fulbright U.S. Student grants in Post countries.
National Screening Committee (NSC)
The first stage of the Fulbright application review process is conducted in the U.S. by a panel of university faculty members with expertise in the country or world region (for study/research awards), in TESOL and foreign language (for English Teaching Assistant Programs), and in the specific field of study (for creative and performing arts grants).
Post
The U.S. embassy in the host country responsible for Fulbright Program activities in countries where there is no Fulbright Commission. Responsibility for the Fulbright Program rests with the Public Affairs Section (PAS) of the embassy under the direction of the Public Affairs Officer (PAO) or Cultural Affairs Officer (CAO).
Public Affairs Section
The PAS of the U.S. Embassy is responsible for all public affairs activities, including educational and cultural exchanges, as well as speaker programs, press activities, etc. The PAS is the supervi­sory agency for the Fulbright Program in a country with no Commission/Foundation.
Supervising Agency
The Fulbright Commission or U.S. embassy in the host country that has direct responsibility for selecting Fulbright grantees and for supervising grantees during the grant period.
United States Department of State's Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA)
The sponsor of the Fulbright Program, which operates under policy guidelines established by the FFSB and in cooperation with the bi-national Fulbright Commissions and Public Affairs Sections of U.S. embassies abroad. Visit their website.